Life Span Healthcare Issues

Today, there is a widespread belief that lifespan issues insignificantly depend on the health system but are determined by lifestyle, genetic factors, and the state of the environment. This statement may be true only in the case where the health system is to ensure the availability and quality of medical care for the population (Holtz, 2013). Fortunately, the estimation of effectiveness of any health care system for Global Health could be evaluated through the analysis of historical perspectives, health care disparities, regulatory guidelines, moral issues, healthcare productivity and economic costs, as well as availability of healthcare providers.

Historical Perspectives on Concern for Global Health Learning in Nursing

The perspectives on global health learning in nursing have been developing throughout the years. In 1977, the vision of health care industry consisted of perspectives that encouraged world health prognostication of the future of medicine ensuring economically and socially productive life in 2000 (Huttlinger & Schaller-Ayers, 2011, p.68). The next year, life span healthcare issues were discussed at the conference in Alma Ata. This was the first and major step to promoting global health learning perspective.

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Currently, the role of nurse care in Global Health perspective is different in every country (Holtz, 2013). Furthermore, in the more technologically developed countries, nurse care is significantly active in health delivery system. In these countries, the role of nursing personnel is clearly defined, whereas in the other countries, this role is lesser developed and sometimes even not defined (Kim, Farmer & Porter, 2013). During the past decade, primary health care programs were implemented while dealing with vital health problems in the less developed countries (e.g. Bangladesh, Haiti, Zaire, most countries in sub-Saharan Africa) (Fletcher, Mclaws, & Ellis, 2013). Hence, the increase of migration between these countries because of famine and war increases the demand for healthcare expertise in the critical issues to develop a better health care support concerning global health learning in nursing. Unfortunately, the global health problems still include a huge list of communicable diseases such as measles, tuberculosis, mumps, polio, rubella, child and maternal health, and malaria (Kim, Farmer, & Porter, 2013). Accepting a population methodology, it is crucial to consider specific populations regarding health issues. Thus, primary health learning in nursing is a key value to the establishment of worldwide entree to health care for the global residents.

Discussion of the Importance of Health Care Disparities

Regardless of key improvements in health care system in the past decades, health care disparities still persist. Such issues frequently concern ethnicity and race, but they can also arise across a wide range of scopes. Instances in which disparities arise include such aspects as socioeconomic rank, age, language, geography, gender, citizenship, disability status, sexual orientation, and identity (Kim, Farmer & Porter, 2013). State struggles to decrease disparities paying attention to the selected categories of inhabitants who are chiefly susceptible to health issues (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2016). Such population consists of children, women, low-income groups, people of color, older adults, people with special needs, and people living in rural regions (Gatrell & Elliott, 2014). However, these groups of people are not equally special and often interrelate in essential conducts. Disparities also arise within a smaller group of inhabitants (Gatrell & Elliott, 2014). Therefore, it is still vital to consider health care disparities issue in respect to life span healthcare issues.

Healthy People 2020 and Other Regulatory Guidelines

For a long period, the Healthy People adoption has symbolized a ruthless and yet reachable agenda for well-being advancement and disease anticipation. It incorporates several equally strengthening responsibilities such as setting principal goals, identification of baseline statistics and ten-year objectives for a variety of measurable health care purposes, observing effects, and evaluation of growth based on the made involvements (Koh, Blakey, & Roper, 2014). Healthy People intensifies public responsiveness to the factors of health care, fuses nationwide discourse, and stimulates action by pronouncing objectives and explicit issues to establish health enhancements and assessable purposes (Holtz, 2013). Overall, Healthy People suggests an open health care roadmap and scope for the state, while providing new guidelines. The lately released version, that is Healthy People 2020, holds and raises a broad social determinants standpoint (Koh, Blakey & Roper, 2014). Furthermore, it gives an evidently expressed principal aim, a supporting foundation extent, and a loyal issue range underlining the prominence of the social factors of health care approach. Finally, the 2020 proposal highlights the necessity to reflect issues such as education, poverty, and various traits of the social construction that not only affect the health care issues but also urge the facility to accomplish health justice.

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Other regulatory guidelines are essential in terms of global health care industry. Usually, the aims of such guidelines are diverse. The other example are Medical device regulations (WHO, 2003) proposed by World Health Organization to regulate standards of safety and develop Global Harmonization Task Force (GHTF).

Moral Issues in Global Healthcare

The rapid development of science, especially medicine, greatly intensified and expanded the fields of life. It encouraged scientific researchers and health care practitioners to rethink the problem of many goals and objectives related to the healthcare provision and its radical transformation (Holtz, 2013). Actually, it is the question of the moral principles of scientific research in health care system that reflects the current stage of scientific and technological advances in lifespan healthcare issues.

The most distinctive health ethical dilemma is to find a balance between the essentials of the majority and the moralities of the single individual (Gatrell & Elliott, 2014). Such instances include problems like who could be set aside if not everybody could be kept. Actually, the global health problems are complex and numerous. Therefore, they all have many aspects that are ethnically related. Recognizing these aspects is as considerable duty of morality and ethics as providing just clarifications. Some of the significant ethical issues are the unbalanced spread of resource, race and gender inequality, health care system funding, the range of infectious illnesses, etc. (Fletcher, Mclaws, & Ellis, 2013). On the other hand, global health concerns are penetrating a variety of occurrences such as an economic crisis or migration, which significantly confuse its perseverance (Holtz, 2013). Hence, these ethical issues still play a vital role in the global health development.

Healthcare Productivity and Economic Costs

Health care expenses disturb the economy in various and multifaceted ways, and special effects may change through the segments of the inhabitant's groups. For instance, observers have distinguished that while health care costs may obstruct general economic progress, they may also enhance economic progress and richness in some segments of the economy (Holtz, 2013). Furthermore, households are the ultimate customers of health care system that can tolerate some occurrences of health care costs (Gatrell & Elliott, 2014). On the other hand, it is vital to remind that the special effects of these costs on one segment are expected to influence the outcomes (Holtz, 2013). The increase in health care costs also promotes supervisions to increase taxes and growth borrowing or diminish investments in critical segments such as learning and organization, thus overpowering economic progress and disturbing both commerce and households. Likewise, today, the US businesses faces speedily rising health care costs that might diminish occupation and funds in the economy. Hence, unfortunately, these aspects are among important issues in the current health care industry.

Availability of Healthcare Providers

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Healthcare specialists are challenged when encountering requirements of various populations concerning a developing principal care personnel deficiency. Through learning and education, health professionals are organized to assist in the roles of crucial care suppliers with the aim to have an extensive influence on increasing medical products. The important role of nurse specialists is clear by their practice and eventually their service agreement that is frequently discounting the amount of their learning.

Nurses symbolize the single major assembly of healthcare providers in the global perspective that ensure persistent interaction in numerous settings. During the past decade, the number of certified recorded nurses has grown (Holtz, 2013). According to Gibson (2016), this growth in the nursing staff has been supplemented by the escalation in the amount and ability of highly skilled advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs). However, the current state of affairs shows that even this amount of health care providers is not enough today to cover the demand and ensure availability. Therefore, this issue is one of the most urgent to be solved today.


The estimation of the effectiveness through analysis of historical perspectives, health care disparities, regulatory guidelines, moral issues, healthcare productivity and economic costs, as well as availability of healthcare providers allowed highlighting the basic lifespan healthcare issues. To sum up, primary health care learning in nursing is a crucial value to the establish a global access to health care for all the populations. Unfortunately, today, it is still important to provide more provisions concerning health care disparities. Healthy People 2020 application highlights the inevitability of the education, poverty, and social issues. Additionally, some of the significant ethical issues are the spread of resource, race and gender inequality, health care system funding, and range of infectious illnesses today. Concerning the health care productivity and economic costs, it is clear that these issues affect each other. Today, these issues are making health care costs rise fast that might diminish occupation and funds in the economy.

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