Summarize your views on how a specific contemporary social problem is having an impact on your workplace or on workplaces known to you

Discrimination

This has been a vast societal issue for the last ten decades and involves biasness in the treatment of employees at the work. Discrimination takes many facets ranging from; gender, race, religion, sex and marital status, just to mention but a few. Its effects are evident at micro and macro levels of the society. It is responsible for the skyrocketing rate of unemployment in most of the developing nations, the escalating rates of domestic violence, homicide and suicide in the family, the low productivity of employees due to low self esteem resulting from discrimination stress, impairment of normal functioning of employee which led to huge losses to the company and helplessness of an employee due to less worthy esteem that eventually led to depression and other psychological problems hence alleviating the medical expense incurred by the company. With the enactment of federal laws which aims at protecting the welfare of employees at the work place the issue has been controlled to a great extend both at the local and international level. Both the employee and the employer should be educated on affairs that address the employee rights and sanctions attributed to such violation.

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Identify the problem, and describe what you see as the causes, impacts, and possible solutions to the problem

Drug abuse

Most employees indulged in abuse of drugs and use of alcohol due to the peer pressure from others. An employee will conform to group norms so that to achieve the sense of belonging to such a group. This means that one will be acknowledged as member of such group thus enjoying all the rights and rewards of such association (Lauer & Lauer, 2008). The vice has much negative implication on the employment pattern and company’s performance. As a result of absenteeism of substance abuser from work, the company incurs a lot of cost in hiring casual employees who step in when such circumstances do occur. Working at minimal capacity it leads to overloading of other employees thus lowering productivity. The company also incurs more expenses on medical insurance charges following health matters of such employees, compromise product quality, weakening of company’s performance in terms of competition hence risking other employee’s work.

Compare and contrast the roles the prison system, the family, and the social stratification system play in either contributing to or alleviating the problem of crime

Crime is a socially constructed concept and its remedy lies within the society. The prison institutions are formed to inculcate good morals of the society back to the victims thus giving them a sense of belonging in the community (Lauer & Lauer, 2008). It has helped in alleviating crime in the sense that the victims are empowered with knowledge and skill that help them to start small scale businesses as a way of earning an income. The rehabilitation centres also helps in deterring crime occurrence because of the hardship condition one is exposed to hence preventing more people from engaging in such acts.

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The family on the other hand has an integral role in instilling moral codes to the children. A family with strong social bond between parents and children helps in curbing crime activities in the society compared to a family that is associated with wrangles and violence among the parents. Children learn good or bad behaviours within the family settings. Therefore, success of a nation extremely depends on the prevailing condition of family institution.

While prison and family institutions aim at alleviating crime in the society, Social stratification predisposes a different position of the same. People in different stratus are given different chances in life thus favouring those in high ranks at the expense of the poor (Lauer & Lauer, 2008). To counteract this poor people are forced to device new mechanism that contravene the laws in attaining cultural goals thus increasing the rate of crime. On the other hand those from well to do families engage in criminal activities more than low class person because they are favoured by the law at the same time they buy freedom with their money. This in turn increases crime in the society.

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How do social institutions contribute to the problem of poverty? How do attitudes and ideologies help perpetuate poverty?

Social institutions also have contributed substantially to the increase of crime in the society. Learning institutions develop curriculum that mainly inclined towards white collar job rather than careers that nurture skills and talents hence fostering personal development. Most of the elite people due to unemployment opt to engage in criminal activities so that to earn a living. The law enforcing agents perpetuate crime via collaborating with criminals where they take bribes from the victims thus encouraging that act.

Ideologies based on religion contribute to crime activities. Most parents have failed to train their children how to work and be responsible in the society (Lauer & Lauer, 2008). Some parents do not allow their children to learn manual work hence making them to relay only on white collar occupation. With lack of such occupation these children engage in criminal activities to outsource some income.