Many European Union policies influence the policy options and legislation in Great Britain. Fifty percent of all business legislation in the Britain stems from the policies of the European Union. Every part of the Britain legal and institutional systems ranging from business, public institutions and local government must factor in European Union legislation. The complex nature of the decisions of the European Union masks the influence Britain has on the European Union. There is considerable debate about how much Britain influences the decision-making process of European Union. This paper explores the influence Great Britain has on the European Union and the way this influence might perceived in future. For a very long time, the approach of Great Britain to the European Union legislation has been a policy based on political and bureaucratic mechanisms that drive response of Britain to EU legislation before and after making of European Union decisions and policies. There are many special lobby groups present in Brussels like British industrial organizations and trade Union organizations. However, there exists a law of unintended consequences in the European Union that states that the reach and the impact of the decisions reached in the European Union can be different from the desired ones (Macshane, 2005). Once the EU has drafted and published a draft law, the draft laws are then subjected to scrutiny by parliament.
Britain is one of the nations in the European Union that has scrutinizing mechanisms of scrutiny
However when European laws have reached the level of draft laws it becomes hard to change the laws, the current order of making European Union decisions entails the national governments and the European Commission proposing legislation before the process of debating the legislation begins. Britain does not have much influence in this stage of the decision-making process in the European Union. The house of commons have inadequate measures of dealing with European Union legislation the British members of parliament are also not encouraged to air the views of their constituents in the European Union in Britain policy and political networking especially in the capital cities where such debates originate are non-existent in Europe. The members of parliament in Britain and Whitehall associates have very little linguistic skills and few incentives to enhance the knowledge of the European Union to the United Kingdom. There is a serious disconnect between the European Union and the British national parliament.
Currently, the British parliament has a committee for scrutinizing the policy of the European Union, the committee decides on the communications form the European Union that needs to be taken to the European Union standing committee. This scrutiny committee, therefore, acts as a sifting body the committee can recommend a full debate on the house of commons; but it can also ask for a minister to issue a statement in support of the proposal, and by the time the bill reaches the standing committee for analysis there is agreement for the bill in the house (Grant, 2006). One of the reasons attributed to the low influence of Britain in the European Union is lack of political networking influence in the European Union is based on the principle of political networks. This system poses problems to the British government because it has a policy that seeks to insulate the civil service from political networks, political beliefs and connections. This neutrality of state served from the political interference does not make sense in other countries. This gap between the political traditions of Great Britain of maintaining an political civil service and the belief by most nations in European that there is no way governments can deny political affiliations in the public serves makes it very difficult for the Britain to enhance its political networks influences in the European Union prior to the making of important European Union decisions and policies. It is therefore hard for representatives from the United Kingdom mainly the members of parliament and the members of European Parliament to talk with the same breadth as the representatives from other European countries.
Euro-sceptical nature of Britain as a factor of influence
The other factor linked in the small influence of Britain in the European Union is the euro-sceptical nature of Britain to the European Union much of the skepticism about the European Union has been based on the belief by Britons that the European Union was dominated by France and Germany, therefore, making the European Union to be dominated by German-French interests but the EU has grown to constitute over 27 members with most members opposed to the central set social and economic rules and favoring free trade (Euractive 2010). There is nothing in the Britain economic and political system that should prevent it from making some positive influences is to the European Union with the joining of many central European and east European member states into the European Union it has become hatred for nations to dominate the affair of the European Union. There are immense benefits that retain stands out to gain if it increases its influences in the policy-making decisions of the European Union. There has been the realization from many British lawmakers that the policy adapted by the Britain government in approaching the European Union risks making Britain irrelevant in the European Union and also making the influence of Britain in the European Union to wane significantly. For example, in the year 2010, the Britain foreign secretary vowed to increase the number of British officials working in the senior rules in the European Union.
Hague said that the last years have been characterized by a malfunction in foreign policy he asserted the fact that the world was becoming more networked and regional institutions like the European Union offer a chance to Britain of more opportunities and better relationships with other countries (Alexandra, 2003). There is therefore, a need for a change in the approach of the Britain towards the European Union. There is needs to be a better way of dealing with European Union legislation, by the house of commons in Britain majority of the decisions made by the European Union are shaped in respective countries long before they are forwarded to the Strasbourg and Brussels as proposals for discussion (Euractive 2010). The Britain government needs to increase the number of Britons that serve in the European Union decision-making body to ensure that Britain exerts its influence in the European Union Britain businesses also need to take a very keen interest in the EU law-making process to ensure that they lobby the members of parliament and the members of the European Parliament in the early stages of the early decision-making process in identifying the problems and the opportunities that serve the foreign policy interest of the Britain nation. The same case applies for the interests of the British national themselves who must have confidence in the European Union to be able to enjoy the benefits of the European Union. The growing size of the European Union currently having over twenty-seven members offers immense benefits to Britain and the strategies aimed at strengthening the position f the Great Britain in the European Union are very welcome to be able to realize these objectives.